Maya Booth-Balk

Graduation Year


Date of Thesis Acceptance

Spring 5-13-2015

Major Department or Program

Sociology - Environmental Studies


Alissa Cordner


Criminality stemming from radical environmental and animal rights extremism is largely a modern phenomenon of the late twentieth century. This phenomenon has often been labeled the “eco-terrorist” movement. However, is this term truly a validation of the movement’s ideology and actions? The most active radical animal rights group in the United States, the Animal Liberation Front (ALF), commits extreme actions to end animal suffering in the multitude of ways that animals are used for human purpose. The actions of the ALF have had widespread implications across many societal institutions and groups, including the political and media sphere. My research uses qualitative content analysis of contemporary ALF communiqués, FBI publications, and news articles to examine how each expresses and presents the ALF organization. By using framing theory and its main components of framing contests and counter-framing, as well as an inspection of ideological perspectives related to environmental concerns of the ALF, I seek to explain how the ALF organization is framed and, more importantly, the reasons as to why.

Page Count


Subject Headings

Animal Liberation Front -- History, Earth Liberation Front, United States -- Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) -- Domestic Terrorism/Counterterrorism Planning Section, Social sciences -- Philosophy -- Framing theory, Radicalism and the press -- United States, Environmentalism -- Press coverage, Offenses against the environment -- United States, Radicals -- Environmentalists, Radicals -- Animal Rights Activists, Whitman College -- Dissertation collection 2015 -- Sociology-Environmental Studies

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Document Type

Whitman Community Accessible Thesis

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