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Tuesday, April 11th
10:45 AM

The Pretty Project: Exploring the Mechanisms Through Which Girls Learn About Prettiness

Zoey Watts, Whitman College
Marianne Kellogg, Whitman College

Reid G02

10:45 AM - 11:00 AM

In our society girls often learn that appearance is important and that they should strive for unrealistic body standards. Gender socialization theory suggests that messages from mothers may be particularly impactful on girls’ developing views of attractiveness. Indeed, mothers’ dieting practices and views toward weight have been closely linked to their daughters’ views of their own bodies. However, little scholarship has examined how girls view other aspects of their appearance, such as prettiness. Our lab-based study examines the ways in which mothers’ self-views and socialization strategies are related to their young daughters’ views of attractiveness and endorsement of gender stereotypes. We are studying these issues among girls ages 3-6 since little is known about early development of this age group's attitude and behavior about appearance. We present the results of this study and the implications for the different mechanisms through which daughters learn about prettiness.

11:00 AM

The Effect of Paternal Relationships on Adolescent Girls’ Self-Objectification

Taylor Berntson, Whitman College
Hannah Bouwman, Whitman College
Pascale Carpentier, Whitman College

Reid G02

11:00 AM - 11:15 AM

In today’s society, women suffer from persistent objectification of the female body in the media and everyday interactions. This constant objectification leads women to self-objectify by adopting a third-person perspective of their body. While the effects of mother-daughter relationships on self-objectification have been studied, there is minimal research examining the effects of father-daughter relationships on self-objectification. We examine the effects of both paternal closeness and paternal benevolent sexism on adolescent girls’ self-objectification. Paternal closeness has been shown to protect women against self-objectification. However, paternal benevolent sexism reinforces the idea that women are incapable of taking care of themselves, which may contribute to their self-objectification. Our research aims to highlight the importance of a healthy father-daughter relationship during adolescent identity formation by examining the potentially harmful effects of benevolent sexism on daughters’ levels of self-objectification.

11:15 AM

The Tritone Paradox and the Simon Effect: A Study of Pitch Perception

Josie Furbershaw, Whitman College
Samantha Fata, Whitman College
Olivia Coackley, Whitman College

Reid G02

11:15 AM - 11:30 AM

Many people are familiar with ambiguous images, such as an image that may be seen as either a duck or a rabbit. Perception of these ambiguous visual stimuli can often be manipulated. It is unclear if this is also the case for ambiguous aural stimuli. Our study considered the tritone paradox, an illusion of auditory perception, in which a pair of notes can be interpreted as either ascending or descending. We hypothesized that the listener's interpretation of the tritone could be influenced based on whether the immediately preceding tone pair was ascending or descending, and whether the response was congruent with the presentation of the tone pair. The capability, or lack thereof, to manipulate perception of a tritone has important implications for current theories of pitch perception, as well as for the study of ambiguous auditory stimuli.

11:30 AM

Emotionality and Gender of a Third Party Reporter on Memory Distortion

Ana Rodriguez, Whitman College
Maddy Seltzer, Whitman College
Katrina Kerrigan, Whitman College

Reid G02

11:30 AM - 11:45 AM

Memory is considered a trusted and reliable source, yet it continues to be proven fallible. The misinformation effect is one such weakness in which post-event misinformation distorts a memory of an original event. We investigate how the gender and emotionality of a third-party informant influence a viewer’s susceptibility to memory distortion. Participants are tested on memory from a video after viewing a third-party report of the video in which facts of the original event are either reinforced or altered. There are four testimony conditions: male/emotional, female/emotional, male/neutral and female/neutral. We hypothesize that emotional testimonies will lead to greater memory distortion than neutral testimonies, and that female participants will be more persuaded (show greater memory distortion) by female testimony than by male testimony. This research is particularly important given that the majority of our information comes from third-party sources (newscasts, media, courtroom testimonies, etc.).

11:45 AM

Objectification of the Female Body: Humanization as a Moderator

Anna Melville, Whitman College
Erin Coffey, Whitman College

Reid G02

11:45 AM - 12:00 PM

Our presentation seeks to better understand variables that moderate the objectification of women. Objectification is when an individual is seen as an object and treated as less than human. More specifically, she is viewed as a body or set of body parts for the pleasure and consumptions of others. The consequences of objectification for the sufferer are numerous and harmful: anxiety, depression, body shame, eating disorders. Previous studies have shown that providing humanizing information based on attributes of warmth and competence can reduce levels of objectification. The purpose of our study is to measure the extent to which humanizing information framed within the Stereotype Content Model interacts with objectification of women. The SCM proposes four distinct social categories composed of differing levels of warmth and competence. Measuring the levels of objectification targeted at women from each category will help us better understand who is most at risk of objectification.